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Writing in Spanish: The Step-by-step Information to Writing Like a Twenty first-century Cervantes


Do you wish to enhance your Spanish writing abilities and get even nearer to fluency?

If you wish to make Cervantes blush along with your mastery of Spanish writing, you may have come to the suitable place.

This step-by-step information provides you with the instruments to put in writing virtually something in Spanish, and present you why writing shouldn’t be solely necessary, but in addition enjoyable and straightforward.

Contents

Spanish Writing for Learners

writing in spanish

Many newbie learners of Spanish tend to disregard writing firstly of their language journey.

Writing is without doubt one of the 4 main language abilities (along with talking, listening and studying), and it’s equally necessary to observe it if you wish to attain fluency.

There are a number of explanation why a newbie ought to begin practising writing in Spanish from the very starting:

  • Writing helps you enhance different language abilities. While you write, you’re utilizing phrases (vocabulary), patterns and guidelines (grammar). Moreover, you’re producing Spanish that you could later use in your Spanish conversations.
  • Writing helps you bear in mind. You’ll bear in mind a phrase or a grammar rule extra simply for those who write it. A lot of phrases and constructions repeat themselves, so it is going to be onerous to overlook them.
  • Writing boosts your spelling. You can’t see phrases while you discuss, however while you learn, all you see is exactly that. By practising Spanish writing, you’ll grow to be extra acquainted with phrases you usually use and can discover ways to spell them appropriately from the beginning.
  • Writing will be cathartic. You may not be the best author on this planet (but!), however journaling in Spanish will give you a protected area the place you’ll be able to pour out your emotions and feelings.
  • Writing in Spanish is enjoyable. Studying Spanish on the whole is enjoyable. Writing in a international language will make your mind work more durable. You’ll most likely provide you with concepts and sentences you’d by no means say in your native language. So what? Simply write them down and snort at them! Your journey to fluency must be a enjoyable trip if you’d like it to achieve success.

All these causes are nice, however how does a newbie who has simply began studying Spanish start to put in writing with out getting overwhelmed?

Begin easy!

That’s, begin by writing easy phrases. This can permit you to discover ways to spell some primary vocabulary you’ll use typically.

Write down fastened expressions like gracias (thanks) or buenos días (good morning). These expressions are used daily in each potential context, so they may turn out to be useful.

Subsequent, begin utilizing your primary vocabulary to create full easy sentences like:

Yo soy español. (I’m Spanish.)

Mi mamá come pan. (My mum eats bread.)

El perro es grande. (The canine is huge.)

All of us began this fashion, even in our mom languages. You can be constructing sentences up as you be taught extra Spanish, so don’t worry about this in the meanwhile.

The primary sentences you write ought to solely embody primary vocabulary, easy sentence patterns and only one or two tenses at most (ideally, the presente easy).

The extra grammar guidelines and new vocabulary you be taught, the longer and extra elaborate sentences you’ll write.

A key idea in writing is observe.

Writing in Spanish shouldn’t be one thing you be taught as soon as and you’re executed. You should observe, and it’s worthwhile to do it typically.

Thankfully, there are a lot of out there sources you need to use to get your each day Spanish writing dose:

  • Books and workbooks
  • On-line
  • Apps
  • Programs and MOOCs

Within the meantime, let’s take a look at the way to cope with various kinds of writing in Spanish.

Learn how to Write in Spanish

As you advance in your language studying journey, you’ll most likely have to begin writing totally different sorts of texts.

Spanish, simply as nearly all of languages on the market, has its personal guidelines for various kinds of writing.

The next sections will educate you the whole lot it’s worthwhile to know to get began.

Learn how to write letters in Spanish

writing in spanish

The very first thing it’s worthwhile to do earlier than beginning to write a letter is to resolve whether or not it needs to be formal or casual.

This can have an effect not solely on the physique of the letter, but in addition (and particularly) on the way in which you begin and end writing it.

There are a few well-established guidelines it’s best to keep in mind when writing a letter in Spanish:

  • Querido/a (Expensive) is just utilized in casual letters, whereas Estimado/a (Expensive) is the popular kind in formal ones.
  • You usually use simply the primary title of the particular person you’re writing to if the letter is casual (Querido Julián), however Señor (Mr.), Señora (Mrs.) or Señorita (Miss) and a surname if the letter is formal (Estimado Sr. González).
  • Use (casual you) within the physique of casual letters, however usted/ustedes (formal you singular/plural) in formal ones.
  • When closing a letter, you’ll be able to ship Besos y abrazos (Hugs and kisses) in informal letters, however by no means in formal ones. Use Saludos (Regards) in semi-formal letters, and Cordialmente/Atentamente (Yours sincerely) in formal ones.

Learn how to write an e-mail in Spanish

writing in spanish

Realizing the way to write an e-mail in Spanish is a ability you’re going to want in the end, as a result of e-mail communication, particularly in an expert atmosphere, is one thing most of us must every day.

The vast majority of the foundations we had for writing letters additionally apply right here.

It’s best to be certain that to make use of the suitable opening and shutting in your e-mail, and that the general tone and the vocabulary used are acceptable to the scenario.

When writing an e-mail, particularly a proper one, you’ll usually have to incorporate 4 sections: greeting, motive for writing, physique of the e-mail and shutting.

Here’s a very temporary instance of an off-the-cuff e-mail John wrote to his good friend Joanne:

Greeting

¡Hola, Joanne!
(Hello, Joanne!)

Motive for writing

Te escribo para preguntar si irás mañana al cumpleaños de Sonia.
(I’m writing to ask for those who’ll be going to Sonia’s birthday tomorrow.)

Physique

Me encantaría verte. ¡Hace tanto tiempo que no te veo! Madre mía, creo que la última vez que nos encontramos fue para Navidad. ¿Te acuerdas?
(I might like to see you. I haven’t seen you in ages! Good Lord, I feel the final time we run into one another was on Christmas. Do you bear in mind?)

Closing

Un abrazo,
(Hugs,)

John

Learn how to write an essay in Spanish

writing in spanish

Beginning to write essays in Spanish is probably one of the difficult duties for newbie learners.

Going from easy sentences to a number of paragraphs requires a number of observe, however there are tons of fastened expressions that can be utilized as a way to make this course of simpler.

Relying on the kind of essay it’s worthwhile to write, you’ll have to cowl a number of of the next factors:

Giving your opinion

This is quite common in essays, particularly those included in official Spanish exams. Ensure you use expressions that assist you to introduce your private opinions, resembling en mi opinión (in my view), me parece que (it appears to me that) or creo que (I consider that).

Agreeing and disagreeing

One other quite common sort of essay is the one the place you’re given a sentence or citation and you need to agree or disagree with it. Helpful expressions right here will be estoy de acuerdo (I agree), no estoy de acuerdo (I disagree) and es falso que (it’s false that).

Backing your claims

When you say that one thing is fake or that you realize for a truth one thing is true, it’s best to again your claims with some proof. Attempt to introduce phrases and expressions resembling según (in accordance with), demostrar (to reveal) and la fuente (the supply).

Conclusion

A conclusion usually summarizes the primary subjects of the essay and solutions any questions and hypotheses that had been posed within the introduction. When writing your conclusion, use expressions like en conclusión (in conclusion), por esta razón (because of this) and en resumen (in abstract).

Texting in Spanish

writing in spanish

Texting in any language has its personal separate algorithm.

As an example, relying on the recipient of the message, two texts can look fully totally different even when they embody the very same data:

Xq tki. (As a result of I’ve to go.) That is very casual, despatched to a good friend.

Porque tengo que irme. (As a result of I’ve to go.) That is despatched in a way more formal scenario, usually to somebody with whom we would not have a really shut relationship.

As you’ll be able to see from the primary instance, there are a number of abbreviations and slang phrases you need to use whereas texting in Spanish, very similar to you’d do in English.

It could be not possible to say all of them right here, however for those who be taught their most typical traits, it is possible for you to to textual content in Spanish like a professional:

  • Letters are omitted. The most typical characteristic you will note is the omission of vowels and consonants.
    • For instance: xa — para (for), gnl — genial (nice)
  • The letters q and c usually grow to be okay.
    • For instance: One of the frequent examples is the expression tkm — te quiero mucho (I like you a lot)
  • There are some established abbreviations you’ll need to be taught by coronary heart. Typically you’ll solely be given one letter, so understanding what it means on this planet of Spanish texting will turn out to be useful.
    • For instance: b — bien (good), q — que/qué (that/what)
  • Numbers and symbols can be used. Simply as in English, if a quantity comes near the pronunciation of part of a phrase, some letters will likely be changed by numbers.
    • salu2 — saludos (regards), 100pre — siempre (all the time)
  • Be careful for acronyms. Spanish usually makes use of their very own variations of well-known acronyms. These acronyms are sometimes much like the worldwide ones or will be understood from the context, however typically they are going to be fully totally different.
    • For instance: NATO OTAN, World Well being Group / WHO – Organización Mundial de la Salud / OMS

Spanish artistic writing

writing in spanish

Inventive writing is mainly any sort of writing that’s not skilled, educational or journalistic.

Since this definition is so broad, there are additionally many kinds of writing that may fall into this class, the most typical ones being poetry, novels, scripts, quick tales, fairy tales and screenplays, amongst others.

Inventive writing will be a tremendous method to enhance your Spanish language abilities.

It forces you to suppose, be artistic, ask questions and discover solutions for them. Your mind will likely be working onerous whilst you write creatively, and the truth that you’ll be utilizing vocabulary and grammar guidelines you may have beforehand studied will make you bear in mind them simpler.

The best situation for a learner of Spanish who needs to present artistic writing a go could be having a local Spanish speaker that may learn what the learner is writing and provides detailed suggestions (spelling and grammar errors and total writing abilities that may very well be improved).

Sadly, that is fairly tough to search out, so the second-best possibility is to search out sources that may assist the learner get some Spanish writing observe (resembling writing apps, artistic writing web sites, textbooks that educate writing, writing prompts, and so on.).

Whatever the method you select to observe your artistic writing abilities, bear in mind rule quantity one in all each good author: You need to learn rather more than you write!

Journaling in Spanish

writing in spanish

Journaling is mainly placing our ideas and feelings into phrases.

It’s a observe that helps many individuals deal with nervousness, melancholy or simply their each day life and issues, and it turns into a protected area the place the author creates their very own guidelines.

Since there aren’t any established guidelines, journaling is usually a great way of practising writing in Spanish with out stress. Nobody besides you should have entry to your journal (until you wish to), so it doesn’t matter for those who make spelling errors or write grammatically incorrect sentences so long as you’re doing it in Spanish.

When you really feel that writing a journal in Spanish will be difficult, attempt to break your ideas down into smaller ideas.

There are various subjects you’ll be able to write about that may permit you to observe your Spanish writing abilities in an undemanding method:

  • Your bucket record.
  • Your desires.
  • Issues you’re grateful for.
  • Causes for studying Spanish.
  • Issues that encourage you.
  • Issues that make you unhappy.
  • Your objectives for this week/month/12 months.
  • Your fears.
  • Your favourite locations/individuals and why.

The record goes on and on. Write in regards to the subjects you need, everytime you need and nevertheless you need. Simply bear in mind to do it every day to have the ability to get pleasure from all the advantages journaling in Spanish can convey to you, each mentally and linguistically talking.

Different kinds of Spanish writing

writing in spanish

There are various extra kinds of Spanish writing, and every of them has its personal intrinsic traits and guidelines.

Mentioning all of them could be not possible right here, so right here you may have a variety of some of them:

Recipes

Recipes have a very simple construction: a listing of components and steps to prepare dinner the dish. You can begin practising writing recipes in Spanish through the use of the infinitive while you give the directions (Pelar las patatas — To peel the potatoes), and transfer on to the crucial temper while you research the Spanish imperativo (Pela las patatas — Peel the potatoes).

Greeting playing cards

Despite the fact that we usually purchase ready-made playing cards, including a couple of phrases of our personal may very well be a really good completion. In case you are giving a birthday card, bear in mind to incorporate some needs like ¡Feliz cumpleaños! (Pleased birthday!) or ¡Te deseo mucha felicidad! (I want you a lot of happiness!). If you wish to give a Valentine’s Day card, attempt to make it much more private by making a romantic card in Spanish your self. Don’t forget to specific your emotions with phrases like:

  • Mi amor (My love)
  • Mi cariño (My sweetheart)
  • Te amo (I like you)

Notes

Notes will be written to say thanks, to ask for a favor or to remind somebody to do one thing. They are usually very quick and to the purpose, together with solely data that’s completely obligatory. Because of this, many notes solely embody one or two phrases:

  • ¡Gracias! (Thanks!)
  • Para ti. (For you.)
  • ¿Me echas una mano? (Will you assist me?)
  • Te quiero. (I like you.)
  • Que aproveche. (Take pleasure in your meal.)
  • Compra leche. (Purchase some milk.)

Learn how to Sort in Spanish

writing in spanish

Spanish and English keyboards are totally different.

Due to that, typing in Spanish is usually a problem for the primary few instances.

There are a number of methods in which you’ll be able to sort in Spanish in your gadget:

  • You possibly can set up a keyboard in your gadget. 
  • You should use Alt codes (Home windows) and Choose codes (Macs). 
  • You should use on-line instruments resembling TypeIt. 

When you check out a Spanish keyboard, you’ll discover some letters, characters and symbols have modified, moved or disappeared.

Let’s take a look at these adjustments.

Principal variations between English and Spanish keyboards

After getting your gadget able to sort in Spanish, you’ll discover some issues are… totally different.

There are sufficient variations between a Spanish and an English keyboard to put in writing an entire e book, so I’ll solely point out the three most necessary ones:

Accent marks

Spanish vowels can have an accent mark (á, é,  í, ó, ú). To be able to sort it, your first must sort the accent key in your keyboard (‘) after which the vowel you wish to add the accent mark to.

One other letter with a mark is the Spanish letter ñ. On this case, you solely must press the (:) key, as a result of Spanish keyboards have their very own ñ key. The final mark you’ll need in Spanish is the diéresis (¨). To be able to sort it, press Shift + the (‘) key. Then sort u or i.

Query and exclamation marks

One of many first fascinating info we be taught in regards to the Spanish language is that it has opening query and exclamation marks.

To be able to sort the opening query mark, press Shift and (=). The closing query mark will be typed by urgent Shift and (-). As for the exclamation marks, the opening one could be very straightforward: simply press the (=) key. The closing one will be typed by urgent Shift + 1, like in your regular keyboard.

Symbols

One other change you’ll discover when typing in Spanish is the collection of symbols you get by urgent Shift + numbers 2 to 0. Your keyboard most likely has the sequence @#$%^&*(), whereas the Spanish keyboard provides you with “·$%&/()=.

There are different variations between each keyboards, just like the place of hyphens, dashes, apostrophes, colons, semi-colons, stops and commas, amongst others.

To start with, all these variations is usually a little bit overwhelming, and you’ll most likely sort the fallacious image or letter as a result of your mind will wish to do it mechanically in your regular keyboard structure.

As with the whole lot, practising Spanish typing would be the key (no pun meant) to get you used to the brand new structure. There are even Spanish typing video games the place you’ll be able to observe all you need till you’re feeling absolutely snug utilizing the Spanish keyboard.

Key Spanish Writing Guidelines

writing in spanish

Each language has a set of writing guidelines that resolve how a chunk of written or typed textual content seems like.

Despite the fact that some guidelines appear to be nearly common (like the primary letter of a sentence being capital), others differ from language to language.

If you wish to be the subsequent Cervantes, it’s best to get acquainted with the primary Spanish writing guidelines and the key variations between writing in English and writing in Spanish.

Under are a couple of of them.

Spanish spelling

Spelling might be a very powerful characteristic to contemplate when writing in any language.

We have to know the way to write a phrase appropriately in order that the reader understands us.

Spanish spelling is certainly simpler than English spelling since we usually write and pronounce the phrases in the very same method, i.e. every sound usually corresponds to a single letter and vice versa.

Nevertheless, there are a few spelling “conditions” that can provide you a little bit of a headache if you don’t concentrate:

  • The letter h has no sound. No matter its place in a phrase, it’ll all the time be soundless (zanahoria — carrot, hoguera — bonfire, hueso — bone). This letter adjustments the sound of the letter c after they go collectively (chaleco— vest, coche — automotive, noche — night time), and despite the fact that it has no sound, it will probably change the that means of a phrase (ola— wave, hola — good day).
  • There are some {couples} of letters that may be complicated. It could be not possible so that you can be taught each phrase containing these pairs, so the most effective you are able to do is test a dictionary in case of doubt. The letters that usually trigger issues to learners of Spanish are b/v, r/rr, g/j, ll/y and the “triplets” c/okay/q and c/s/z.
  • Spanish makes use of accent marks. Accent marks could also be small, however they’re crucial. If a phrase has an accent mark in Spanish, don’t ignore it, as a result of accent marks can simply change the pronunciation and that means of phrases (tráfico— site visitors, trafico — I smuggle, traficó — he smuggled).

If you wish to enhance your Spanish spelling abilities, you’ll be able to attempt some Spanish spelling video games. They are going to make the training course of rather more fulfilling, and the subject extra accessible to you.

Another choice is the web language studying program FluentU—its quizzes are helpful for practising your spelling with questions the place it’s worthwhile to sort your solutions. The platform additionally has genuine Spanish movies which include expert-written subtitles, so that you get used to seeing the proper spelling of Spanish phrases.

Moreover, you could wish to set up a Spanish spell checker. This fashion you will be certain nearly all of spelling errors you make whereas writing in Spanish will likely be detected and corrected.

Capitalization guidelines in Spanish

Spanish and English share many capitalization guidelines, however additionally they have some key variations.

Studying Spanish capitalization is definitely fairly easy. You simply have to recollect the phrases that aren’t capitalized in Spanish.

As an example, Spanish doesn’t capitalize, amongst others:

  • Months
  • Days of the week
  • Languages
  • Nationalities
  • Religions and their adjectives
  • Social and political actions
  • The pronoun yo (I) until it’s the first phrase in a sentence
  • Guide titles (aside from the primary phrase)
  • Film titles (aside from the primary phrase)
  • Private titles (besides when they’re the primary phrase in a sentence)

Spanish punctuation

Punctuation is one other space the place English and Spanish share a number of options.

Nevertheless, there are some Spanish punctuation guidelines that could be shocking for learners of Spanish.

These are the primary ones (a few of them have already been talked about):

  • Spanish has a gap query mark and a gap exclamation mark (¿,¡).
  • Spanish doesn’t capitalize the primary phrase after a colon.
  • Spanish makes use of the colon within the opening of letters. Whereas English makes use of a comma (Expensive Mrs. Petunia,), Spanish makes use of a colon (Estimada señora Petunia:).
  • In Spanish, there is no such thing as a Oxford comma in any respect. The final two objects of a listing will all the time be joined with a conjunction like y (and) or o (or).
  • Spanish and English write out numbers in a different way. In Spanish, you employ a interval to separate teams of 1000’s (e.g. 1450 or 1,450 could be 1.450 in Spanish). Spanish makes use of the comma because the decimal separator (so 1.5 could be 1,5 in Spanish).
  • Spanish usually leaves commas, durations and different punctuation marks outdoors the citation marks. (English: “I like you.” vs. Spanish “Te quiero”.).
  • Dialogue formatting could be very totally different in Spanish. When you resolve to put in writing dialogues in Spanish, discover a good Spanish dialogue useful resource first, as a result of there are a few huge variations in the way in which English and Spanish format their dialogues. The most important distinction is probably the truth that Spanish makes use of a touch to open a dialogue (as a substitute of citation marks) and to surround the dialogue tag (as a substitute of commas). For instance:
    • English: “I like him,” she mentioned, “I all the time have.”
    • Spanish: –Lo amo –dijo ella–. Siempre lo he amado.

Spanish sentence construction

Sentence construction refers back to the inside group of a language, i.e. the order we’ve to place parts in a sentence in order that it’s grammatically right.

Many learners of Spanish suppose that since each Spanish and English comply with the final sample S + V + O (Topic + Verb + Object), each languages construct sentences in the very same method.

That is true typically, as within the following two examples:

Marta está bebiendo café. (S + V + O)
Marta is ingesting espresso. (S + V + O)

Sadly, this isn’t all the time the case, and learners of Spanish ought to keep in mind a few Spanish sentence construction guidelines in the event that they wish to provide you with right sentences, even when they’re attempting to supply primary Spanish sentences:

  • In Spanish, you’ll be able to omit the topic. If you realize who you’re speaking or writing about, you do not want to say that particular person (Tengo hambre — I’m hungry). That is potential as a result of verbs in Spanish have a distinct ending for every grammatical particular person.
  • Adjectives come after the noun in Spanish. There are a couple of exceptions with a change in that means, however total, adjectives all the time come after the noun (la camisa blanca — the white shirt).
  • Nouns and adjectives must agree in Spanish. While you write a sentence in Spanish, you may have to try the nouns. Each determiner, quantifier, adjective and adverb that refers to a noun will need to have the identical gender and quantity (el perro negro — the black canine, all phrases masculine and singular in Spanish; las tazas rojas — the crimson cups, all phrases female and plural in Spanish).
  • Negation could be very easy in Spanish. The vast majority of sentences grow to be damaging in Spanish by including no in entrance of the primary verb. No different adjustments are usually wanted. You too can make negations in Spanish through the use of damaging adverbs like nunca (by no means) and nadie (nobody).

Spanish abbreviations

Abbreviations can be utilized in each formal and casual contexts, and despite the fact that they have an inclination to work equally throughout languages, there are a few issues it’s best to find out about Spanish abbreviations and the way to use them when writing in Spanish:

  • Despite the fact that private titles aren’t capitalized when written in full, their abbreviations are capitalized. For instance:
    • señor Sr. / Mister
    • señora — Sra. / Mrs.
    • physician — Dr. / Physician
  • There are some abbreviations that seem very regularly in Spanish correspondence. As an example:
    • la UE  la Unión Europea / the EU (European Union)
    • la ONU la Organización de Naciones Unidas / the UN (United Nations)
  • Spanish individuals use a number of abbreviations when texting. (Take a look on the part on Texting in Spanish for more information.)

Different variations between English and Spanish writing guidelines

Though much less necessary, there are some variations between English and Spanish it’s best to keep in mind when writing in Spanish:

  • We write dates in a different way. In Spanish, the order of writing the date is all the time day/month/12 months. So, whereas an American may learn the date 02/07/2018 as February the seventh 2018, for a Spanish-speaking particular person it might be July the 2nd 2018.
  • We use totally different measurement methods. That is one thing to remember not solely whereas writing, however when utilizing Spanish on the whole. Not everyone is aware of what inches, ft, kilos or miles are (particularly in Spain). Spanish-speaking international locations use the metric system, so we’ve centimeters, meters, kilograms, kilometers, and so on.

 

I do know this can be a lot of data to digest, however the excellent news is that you just now have the whole lot it’s worthwhile to find out about writing in Spanish in a single single place.

Writing in Spanish is a type of abilities that are usually missed by newbies.

Nevertheless, writing is without doubt one of the 4 main language abilities, so it’s advisable to begin practising it as quickly as potential.

Due to writing, you’ll enhance not solely your vocabulary and grammar, but in addition your studying, talking and listening abilities.

So take a pencil and a chunk of paper (or run that phrase processor you usually use) and begin writing in Spanish straight away.

Keep curious, my pals and, as all the time, comfortable writing!


Francisco J. Vare loves instructing and writing about grammar. He’s a proud language nerd, and you’ll usually discover him studying a brand new language, instructing college students or simply studying in a international language. He has been writing for FluentU for a few years and has just lately grow to be one in all their Employees Writers.

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