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UK was worst in Europe for warmth pump installations in 2021

Figures from the European Warmth Pump Affiliation point out the UK was backside of a listing of greater than 20 European international locations for home warmth pump installations throughout 2021


12 July 2022

Air source heat pump installers

Air supply warmth pump installers working within the UK

Andrew Aitchison/In photos by way of Getty Pictures

The UK had the worst monitor document in Europe final 12 months for the set up of warmth pumps, a know-how many consultants view as important for eliminating the carbon emissions produced by heating properties.

Simply 1.48 warmth pumps had been put in per 1000 households within the UK throughout 2021. Norway, with 49.77 installs per 1000 households, topped the rankings in keeping with new gross sales information printed right now by the European Warmth Pump Affiliation (EHPA).

A complete of 42,779 warmth pumps had been put in within the UK final 12 months, and the present charge is way beneath the 15.3 installs per 1000 households that the unbiased Local weather Change Committee mentioned can be wanted to achieve the nation’s 2050 net-zero purpose.

Warmth pumps are successfully reverse fridges that draw their warmth usually from the air or the bottom, with an electricity-powered pump then growing the temperature. The UK authorities sees them as a key method of changing fuel boilers to curb emissions, and has set a goal of 600,000 being put in yearly by 2028.

The figures launched right now mark the second 12 months in a row the UK has come final on set up charges, although 2021 was barely worse: in 2020, the UK got here joint final with Hungary. Jan Rosenow on the Regulatory Help Challenge, a non-profit organisation, says the rationale for the UK’s poor efficiency is straightforward: “The operating prices of fuel [in the UK] had been low-cost, electrical energy was costlier. That was a key issue within the decrease uptake.”

Most international locations with greater deployment of warmth pumps have began addressing that imbalance between electrical energy and fuel costs, he says. Denmark final 12 months lowered taxation on electrical energy for heating to nearly zero, whereas the Netherlands, a giant fuel producer, is now commonly reviewing imbalances between the costs of fuel and electrical energy.

Thomas Nowak on the EHPA says the UK authorities ought to “make the cleanest heating answer probably the most economically engaging. This may be finished by way of the introduction of a CO2 value and rebalancing of vitality taxation.”

There are causes to suppose 2022 could also be completely different. The UK authorities has promised to steadily shift levies paid by way of electrical energy payments onto fuel payments, whereas the vitality disaster has seen fuel prices for shoppers rise sooner than electrical energy, a lot of which is equipped by renewables and nuclear energy. Households in England and Wales putting in a warmth pump since 1 April have additionally been in a position to declare £5000 off the system’s value below a authorities “boiler improve scheme“.

Rosenow, who says UK warmth pump installers have informed him they’re overwhelmed with orders, provides that UK shoppers are additionally more and more “rather more conscious of the dangers of sticking to fossil gasoline for heating, given the fluctuations in value”.

A spokesperson for the Division for Enterprise, Power and Industrial Technique says of the brand new figures: “Like-for-like comparisons with European international locations are deceptive.”


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