At the moment (8 March) is Worldwide Girls’s Day, so right here’s one other version of the ‘Girls in Chemistry Historical past’ sequence. It highlights the contributions of one other 12 ladies in chemistry, protecting improvements from understanding cell ageing to testing for ailments.
Should you haven’t seen the earlier editions of this sequence, they’re out there right here: Half 1, half 2, and half 3. There’s additionally an version modern ladies in chemistry, and a graphic trying on the ladies of the periodic desk. Moreover, there’s the mammoth ongoing undertaking to spotlight modern ladies in chemistry which at the moment options 170 entries and counting!
The textual content of this graphic is reproduced beneath for screenreaders.
Rona Robinson (1884-1962)
The primary girl within the UK to achieve a first-class diploma in chemistry. She later carried out analysis on dyes and was additionally a campaigner for girls’s suffrage.
Rebeca Gerschman (1903-1986)
The primary scientist to recommend that oxygen free radicals injury cells and trigger cell ageing. She was nominated for a Nobel Prize however died earlier than being thought of.
Ruby Hirose (1904-1960)
Carried out analysis on serums and antitoxins. Her work contributed to the event of an efficient polio vaccine, resulting in its near-eradication.
Mary Elliott Hill (1907-1969)
Considered the primary African American girl to be awarded a grasp’s diploma in chemistry. Together with her husband, Carl McClellan Hill, developed ketene synthesis.
Mildred Cohn (1913-2009)
Used nuclear magnetic resonance to check the reactions of enzymes and proteins within the human physique, notably specializing in the reactions of ATP.
Asima Chatterjee (1917-2006)
The primary girl to obtain a doctorate at an Indian college. Carried out analysis on plant-derived medicines, resulting in anti-epileptic and anti-malarial medicine.
Katsuko Saruhashi (1920-2007)
Carried out analysis displaying that seawater releases extra carbon dioxide than it absorbs, and likewise recognized radioactive isotopes in seawater on account of nuclear testing.
Helen Murray Free (1923-2021)
Labored on the event of check strips for ailments, together with urine evaluation ‘dip and browse’ check strips for UTIs, diabetes and kidney issues.
Evangelina Villegas (1924-2017)
Labored with Surinder Vasal to enhance the amino acid content material of maize, making it extra nutritious. They had been awarded the World Meals Prize for his or her work.
Alma Levant Hayden (1927-1967)
Amongst the primary African American scientists to work on the US Meals & Drug Administration, the place she uncovered Krebiozen as a sham most cancers remedy.
Bettye Washington Greene (1935-1995)
Researched latex and polymers at Dow Chemical, which led to a number of patents. She was the primary black girl to work in knowledgeable place on the firm.
Margarita Salas (1935-2019)
Found an enzyme which might amplify DNA samples, making them massive sufficient for evaluation, with necessary purposes in forensics and medical testing.