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HomeSpecial EducationThe Hierarchy of Prompting: Recasting and Extending

The Hierarchy of Prompting: Recasting and Extending


Prompting college students with expressive language problems is an effective way to assist them construct their language abilities.

Hierarchy of Prompting

However what are the very best methods to immediate college students to make the most important influence with out making it “a giant deal” that they want the assistance?

It’s easy! It’s all about recasting and lengthening.


Recasting and Extending as Prompting Hierarchy

Whereas there are numerous difficult methods and supplies that can be utilized to assist college students with expressive language problems, recasting and lengthening are two of the best, best methods that can be utilized.

They require no prep and will be achieved regardless of the place you’re when working along with your scholar. They’re additionally simple sufficient that you may train households find out how to implement them in order that it turns into second nature to everybody who works with the kid.

What’s Recasting?

As a substitute of repeating precisely what a toddler says again to you, recasting is repeating the message however correcting it.

For instance, if the kid says: “Need pizza.” You’d say, “I need pizza.”

One other instance is perhaps if the kid says, “Canine received ball.” You’d say, “The canine has a ball.”

In different phrases, you’re repeating the crux of what the kid is making an attempt to speak, however you’re correcting it alongside the best way.

This fashions how the assertion ought to be phrased whereas additionally validating the remark and intention of the coed’s communication.

What’s Extending?

Extending is if you increase upon the thought that the coed communicated. It provides extra language to increase and improve the remark.

Utilizing the examples above, if the kid says “Need pizza,” and also you reply with “I need pizza,” extending it would embrace “It’s scrumptious!”

For “Canine received ball,” the recasting is “The canine has a ball,” and the extending is “He’s very excited to play!”

Extending provides the coed a mannequin of extra ideas that might associate with his unique assertion.

Why Use Recasting and Extending?

Not like different methods that require preparation and planning, recasting and lengthening permits lecturers and households to make use of on a regular basis genuine conversations as studying and modeling alternatives.

They assist the coed’s unique thought and assist construct upon it in order that the coed feels heard, validated, and understood.


What are your favourite and best methods to immediate college students with expressive language problems? Share with us beneath! We might love to listen to how you utilize recasting and lengthening or different prompting methods!

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