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Studying to Learn — Phonics & Early Studying


Tonight I’m delighted to introduce you to Brooke Vitale, an creator, editor, and mother, who not too long ago based Cost Mommy Books to function playful books for brand new readers! She is sharing info right here for us about studying to learn! (You’ll be able to scroll to the tip to study extra about her in her bio!)  

Brooke, take it away!

Studying to Learn

Studying to learn is not any straightforward job, and as of late our youngsters are being taught at a youthful age than ever earlier than. So how can we get our youngsters able to learn and assist them alongside the way in which? By understanding the science behind studying.

The science of studying is a research-based strategy to literacy that focuses on 5 parts: phonemic consciousness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. For the youngest readers, two of those parts are key: phonemic consciousness and phonics.

What Is Phonemic Consciousness?

The English language encompass 44 distinctive sounds, or phonemes. Phonemic consciousness is the flexibility to determine these letter sounds and mix them collectively to type phrases. 

Phonemic consciousness doesn’t require that youngsters acknowledge letters in written type. Somewhat, it requires youngsters to acknowledge the sounds letters make. For instance, a baby who shows phonemic consciousness won’t know that the phrase CAT begins with the letter C. As an alternative, they’d acknowledge that it begins with the phoneme /ok/.

Phonemes don’t all the time have a direct visible correlation to the letters that signify the sound. The letters PH, for instance, use the phoneme /f/, whereas the phoneme /s/ might be represented by both a C or an S. The grid under exhibits all 44 phonemes, with examples.


Letter Recognition

Letter recognition is the flexibility to determine a letter that’s being proven or to pick a selected letter from amongst a bunch of different letters. As dad and mom, it may be tempting to start by instructing capital letters. This is smart as a result of they’re simpler to put in writing. The difficulty is, we write in a mixture of capital and lowercase letters. Which implies that instructing solely capital letters leaves youngsters at an obstacle. 

As an alternative, deal with studying capital and lowercase letters collectively. Train your little ones not solely to acknowledge the letters, however {that a} letter makes the identical sound, no matter how it’s printed.

Phonics and early studying

Phonics is the connection between letters and sounds. 

As dad and mom, we could also be tempted to toss all of the sounds a letter could make at a child directly: “That is an A and it might probably say ah or ay. We are able to spell it a, ay, ai, a-e, ei, eigh, or ey.”

However that a lot info will simply confuse children. Studying is a cumulative course of. It should be taken one step at a time, with every step constructing on the subsequent. 

Beneath are the ten phases of phonics:

Stage 1: Consonant and brief vowel sounds

Start by instructing consonants and brief vowel sounds within the context of CVC phrases. CVC stands for consonant-vowel-consonant. These are phrases like rag, hen, fib, however, and cub. Through the use of CVC phrases, children don’t have to fret about mixing a number of consonants. As an alternative, they’ll deal with particular person phonemes and the brief vowel sound in every phrase. And since brief vowel sounds are constant, children can extra simply study to acknowledge and grasp them.

When specializing in brief vowel sounds, encourage your reader to sound out a number of phrases in a row utilizing the identical vowel. This repetition is essential to studying a sound. As soon as your reader has mastered one brief vowel sound, then it’s time to maneuver on to the subsequent.

For a whole record of brief vowel phrase lists, phrase households, and actions just like the one under, head on over to Cost Mommy Books for articles equivalent to What’s the Quick I Sound

Stage 2: Consonant blends

As soon as your little one has mastered brief vowel sounds, it’s time to begin mixing consonants. This can be a bit more durable as children want to listen to extra sounds collectively. Some consonant blends embrace gr, bl, and tr.

Stage 3: Double letters and digraphs

Digraphs are two letters collectively that make one sound, equivalent to ck, ph, and ng. Double letters seem in phrases equivalent to off, buzz, and pull.

Stage 4: CVCe phrases

Lengthy vowel sounds might be tough. Keep in mind that record of sounds for A above? Seven of these eight spellings make the identical lengthy A sound. Which implies that instructing lengthy vowels is a course of. 

Begin with CVCe phrases equivalent to cake, rice, and dice.

Stage 5: Phrase ending spelling patterns

Some phrases finish oddly, and studying to acknowledge these spelling patterns will help children advance their studying. Fashionable spelling patterns to show embrace -tch, -dge, -all, -oll, -ull, -le and -y.

Stage 6: R-controlled vowels

Phrases like for and automobile look like they need to use brief vowels, however they don’t. The R controls the sounds, altering it to one thing else. R-controlled vowels embrace: ar, or, ore, er, ir, and ur.

Stage 7: Vowel groups (lengthy vowels)

Vowel groups are two vowels that work collectively to type a brand new sound. They embrace ai, ay, ee, ea (as in bead), oa, ow (as in row), ie, and igh.

Stage 8: Different vowel groups

These embrace oo (as in quickly), oo (as in e book), ew, ui, ue, au, aw, augh, ea (as in head), and ea (as in break).

Stage 9: Dipthongs

A dipthong is a sound fashioned when two vowel sounds seem in a single syllable, as within the letters oi, oy, ou, and ow (as in cow).

Stage 10: Silent letters

Generally letters don’t make any sound in any respect. These embrace: kn, wr, gn, gh, mb, and silent t (as in pay attention).

As your children work by every new sound, you’ll discover that the previous sounds they mastered come increasingly more simply till they’re studying to learn phrases they by no means thought they may! And once you’re prepared, don’t overlook to take a look at our new Quick Vowel sound decodable readers!

In regards to the creator

Brooke Vitale is a youngsters’s e book editor, creator, and proud founding father of Cost Mommy Books (chargemommybooks.com), an impartial writer of playful, high-quality tales that youngsters can actually get pleasure from. She has written over 100 books, together with The Magic Is in You, The Mandalorian: A Clan of Two, Goonies: An Illustrated Traditional, and her new Cost Into Studying Early Reader collection, that includes the extent 1 early readers Caught Duck, Bug Hunt, Methods to Decide a Pet, and I Am Not a Rooster, in addition to her upcoming line of brief vowel sound decodable readers. Brooke spent greater than fifteen years as an editor at outstanding publishing firms, together with Penguin Books for Younger Readers and Disney Publishing. She now runs brookevitale.com, a web site devoted to serving to aspiring authors navigate the publishing and self-publishing trade. Brooke might be discovered on Fb @BrookeVitaleBooks and @ChargeMommyBooks, and on Instagram @brooke.vitale and @chargemommybooks.

Thanks Brooke! That is unbelievable details about studying to learn! Should you’re in search of extra suggestions, click on right here for an entire collection about easy methods to educate studying!
Blissful Educating,

Carla

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