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Prime Quantity – Definition and Examples


A main quantity is a quantity that’s divisible solely by 1 and itself. A quantity is divisible by one other quantity when the rest is zero.

For instance, 7 is a main quantity as a result of 7 is just divisible by 1 and seven. Which means that in the event you divide 7 by a quantity that isn’t 1 or 7, you’ll not get a the rest of zero. 

7 divided by 1 provides a the rest of 0 since 7 = 1 × 7 + 0

7 divided by 2 provides a the rest of 1 since 7 = 2 × 3 + 1

7 divided by 3 provides a the rest of 1 since 7 = 3 × 2 + 1

7 divided by 4 provides a the rest of three since 7 = 4 × 1 + 3

7 divided by 5 provides a the rest of two since 7 = 5 × 1 + 2

7 divided by 6 provides a the rest of 1 since 7 = 6 × 1 + 1

7 divided by 7 provides a the rest of 0 since 7 = 7 × 1 + 0

As illustrated above, solely when 7 is split by 1 and seven will you get a the rest of zero. We will additionally say that the one components of seven are 1 and seven. This provides us a second option to outline a main quantity.

Definition #2: A quantity is prime if the quantity has solely 2 components, 1 and itself.

If the quantity has greater than two components, we are saying that the quantity is composite.

As an example, 12 is a composite quantity as a result of 12 has greater than 2 components. It may be divided by numbers aside from 1 and 12, similar to 2, 3, and 4 which may also be referred to as components.

A number of fascinating info about prime numbers

  • 1 is neither prime nor composite as a result of it has just one issue. Based on the definition, a quantity will need to have no less than 2 components earlier than it may be prime or composite.
  • Discover additionally that 2 is the one quantity that’s even and prime on the similar time.
  • There are 15 prime numbers lower than 50.
  • There are 25 prime numbers lower than 100. Can you discover them?

You should use the definition to check each single quantity. Nonetheless, it’s considerably time-consuming.

As a shortcut, you need to use a technique or algorithm referred to as Sieve of Eratosthenes, named after a well-known Greek mathematician.

Utilizing Sieve’s algorithm to seek out prime numbers between 1 and 50.

  1. Make an inventory of all numbers from 1 to 50.
  2. Begin by crossing out 1 as a result of it isn’t prime. Then, circle the subsequent quantity after 1 that’s prime, which is 2.
  3. Cross out all of the multiples of two till you get to 50, similar to 2, 6, 8, 10, 12…
  4. Search for the subsequent quantity after 2 that’s prime. That quantity is 3. Circle 3 and cross out all multiples of three, similar to 6, 9, 12, …
  5. Repeat the method with 5 and seven, and many others. After you’re completed, you need to discover 25 prime numbers.

We present you the method for all numbers from 1 to 50.

Sieve of ErastothenesSieve of Erastothenes

The numbers which are circled and never crossed out are the prime numbers. There are 15 prime numbers between 1 and 50.

Necessary remark:

The quantity 30 is crossed out by a blue, a crimson, and a inexperienced line. Which means that 30 may be divided by 2, 3 and 5.

Subsequently, the prime numbers lower than 50 are 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, and 47.

Prime quantity quiz 

Take the quiz beneath to see how nicely you perceive this lesson.



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