If you end up feeling below the climate with a fever, physique aches, and different signs, you might surprise what’s making you are feeling so unhealthy. Is it seasonal influenza (generally referred to as the flu)? Or might you have got COVID-19? Whereas the 2 sicknesses share many similarities, there are just a few variations.
Path to improved well being
COVID-19 and the flu are each brought on by viruses. However they’re brought on by totally different viruses. COVID-19 is brought on by the coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2. Coronaviruses have been round for a very long time and coronaviruses may cause you to get the widespread chilly. Flu, then again, is brought on by the influenza virus. It is a seasonal virus with two sorts: Influenza A and Influenza B.
You may catch COVID-19 and the flu in comparable methods. When an individual talks, sneezes, or coughs, tiny, invisible particles go away their mouth and nostril and journey by the air. These particles are the place the virus can reside. In case you breathe in these particles, the virus is then inside your physique and may make you sick. Additionally, in the event you get the particles in your arms after which contact your mouth, nostril, or eyes, you may get sick. For this reason it’s so necessary to clean your arms ceaselessly.
COVID-19 is way more contagious than the flu. Meaning it passes extra shortly and simply from one particular person to a different.
Individuals most in danger
Whereas anybody can get COVID-19 and the flu, some teams of individuals are at a better danger of getting sick. For each COVID-19 and flu, adults over 65, people who find themselves pregnant, folks with lung illness, coronary heart illness, or diabetes have a better danger. Learn extra about flu dangers for folks with power circumstances.
Kids are additionally in danger for each COVID-19 and flu.
COVID-19 and the flu have most of the identical signs, together with:
- Bother respiration.
- Excessive tiredness.
- Sore throat.
- Stuffy nostril.
- Physique aches, together with headache.
You may additionally lose your sense of odor or style when you have COVID-19.
COVID-19 and the flu may cause extreme sickness and issues that require hospitalization. You probably have any of those signs, contact your physician straight away. They’ll diagnose which sickness you have got and supply recommendation about what it is best to do subsequent.
How lengthy are you sick?
It’s attainable to unfold COVID-19 and the flu to others earlier than you even know you’re sick. You probably have COVID-19, you may unfold the virus 2 days earlier than you have got signs. After signs start, you’re possible contagious for 10 days. It’s necessary to avoid different folks throughout this time to maintain them from getting sick. In case you’re round somebody who has COVID-19, it could take between 2 and 14 days so that you can develop signs.
With the flu, you may unfold it 1 day earlier than your signs start. After you have signs, you’re contagious for as much as 7 days. This time will be longer for youths and seniors. In case you’re uncovered to somebody with the flu, it could take between 1 and 4 days so that you can develop signs.
Individuals are normally sicker for an extended time period with COVID-19 than with the flu.
There are totally different exams that may affirm when you have COVID-19. Some exams require a cotton swab to be put in your nostril. The top of the swab collects a pattern out of your nasal cavity as a result of that is the place the germs reside. The swab is then despatched to a laboratory for testing. The swab can also be used for a fast antigen take a look at, nonetheless, you might want to verify a optimistic or unfavourable consequence with a laboratory (PCR) take a look at in the event you nonetheless have signs or in the event you want a unfavourable take a look at to return to highschool or work. A saliva take a look at could also be supplied and at residence (over-the-counter) exams are additionally out there in some areas. Make sure to verify that the take a look at is allowed by the FDA earlier than buying.
In case your physician thinks you have got the flu, they will carry out one among two exams. One take a look at includes placing a swab up your nostril. This swab shall be despatched to the lab for testing. The opposite take a look at includes accumulating a pattern from the again of your throat. It will likely be despatched to the lab for testing, too. Fast exams are additionally out there for flu.
Laboratories have additionally developed exams that may detect each flu and COVID-19. Speak along with your physician to see if they’re out there in your space.
Three vaccines for COVID-19 have been licensed for emergency use in america. The Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, Comirnaty, was authorized by the FDA for people 16 years and older. This 2-dose shot continues to be is below emergency use authorization for youngsters ages 5-11 and adolescents ages 12-15. The Moderna vaccine (2 pictures) and Johnson & Johnson vaccine (1 shot) have been licensed by the FDA for people 18 years and older. All three vaccines are advisable by the CDC and given as a shot in your arm.
Security and efficacy information has been collected in over 220 million individuals who have gotten a minimum of one dose of vaccine. Some uncommon unwanted side effects have been noticed, however total the vaccines are protected and efficient at stopping extreme illness, hospitalization, and loss of life.
These vaccines don’t offer you COVID-19, and don’t trigger issues throughout being pregnant or trigger decreases in fertility.
There’s a vaccine you may get to assist defend you towards the flu. It’s given as a shot in your arm. The American Academy of Household Physicians recommends everybody older than 6 months previous get the yearly flu shot, until their physician says in any other case. In case you get the flu, there are medicines your physician can prescribe that will help you relieve signs.
The flu shot doesn’t provide the flu.
In case you’ve had COVID-19, it might take you a very long time to recuperate or weeks earlier than you are feeling like your self once more. For some folks, it might take months (often known as lengthy COVID). Speak along with your physician when you have signs that proceed, as there choices for administration of those ongoing signs.
Individuals who have had the flu normally really feel a lot better about 2 weeks after getting sick.
Issues to contemplate
COVID-19 and the flu share many issues. These embody pneumonia, respiratory failure, kidney failure, and blood infections. These sicknesses can even make current circumstances—together with points with the center, lungs, and diabetes—worse. In extreme instances, each sicknesses might result in loss of life.
You probably have COVID-19, you might also develop blood clots in your legs, lungs, coronary heart, or mind. Your possibilities for these unwanted side effects go up when you have coronary heart illness, lung illness, or diabetes. Some youngsters develop multisystem inflammatory syndrome. It is a severe situation, however it isn’t quite common.
In case you’ve had the flu, you might develop a sinus an infection or an ear an infection. You may additionally get pneumonia, which will be severe. Extreme unwanted side effects are extra widespread in people who find themselves youthful than 5 years previous or older than 65 years previous, pregnant, or who’ve bronchial asthma, diabetes, or coronary heart illness.
CDC: Coronavirus Self-Checker (click on on self-check signs on the precise facet)